This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. After critical examination, it was found to be an undescribed form Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Since there are so many types of squirrels, they range greatly in size. They are secondary cavity nesters that depend on natural tree hollows or holes made by birds like woodpeckers. In 2011, after crossing the rough waters of the Dihing River, I travelled to Deban, a camping location inside Namdapha National Park. These lowland tropical forests are extremely windy during certain months, so the squirrels analyse all these factors to gain a soft landing on large broad tree trunks, especially if the distance they are gliding is long. The majestic lowland tropical forests of the Namdapha National Park form an ideal habitat for this squirrel, though they may occupy a range of forests. “A closer examination would also reveal that the forme… It happens to be in the critically endangered list because of loss of habitat and also because it is hunted for food and fur. This suggests that we should first survey for the Namdapha Flying Squirrel on the southern bank of the Noa Dihing as it is a fast-flowing wide river which may have restricted this species distribution. These cookies do not store any personal information. It … A lot remains to be studied and understood about these amazing species and their role in the ecosystem. Previous Post Previous Insights Daily Current Affairs, 28 May 2018. Deforestation for agriculture is a key threat. Namdapha Flying Squirrel is endemic to northeastern India and found only in Namdapha National Park of Arunachal Pradesh. Their distribution extends through the western Himalayas into northern and northeast India, and on to Southeast Asia. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. © RoundGlass 2020, India Enabling Holistic Wellbeing & Meaningful Living, Enabling Wholistic Wellbeing & Meaningful Living, PRIVACY POLICY Before they begin a glide, the squirrels climb to the top of a tree or move to have a clear path from where they can glide to the target tree. +1 (425) 454-2113 +91-11 39585644 Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) It is a unique (the only one in its genus) flying squirrel that is restricted to a single valley in the Namdapha N.P. Namdapha Flying Squirrel is a granivore. I looked through binoculars while my colleague shed torchlight on the animal. Creature Profile. Above left: A membrane-like skin between its limbs known as the patagium enables the squirrel to glide from one tree to another, sometimes covering distances of over 100 m. Above right: The male squirrel seen here in flight was chased away from its perch by another male pursuing a female. Though they are popularly called flying squirrels, they actually glide and do not fly. IT C-7 KMG Tower Our channel is the only channel on YouTube that has complete General Studies uploaded Free of Cost for Everyone. They Can Glow at Night. Namdapha Flying Squirrel is an arboreal and nocturnal flying squirrel. Blog. Namdapha Flying Squirrel Mohali – 160062, Punjab, United States The majestic lowland tropical forests of the Namdapha National Park form an ideal habitat for this squirrel, though they may occupy a range of forests. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): India. Charitable Solicitation Disclosures. All Rights Reserved. They nest in natural tree hollows. If the wind direction changes in the middle of a glide, they use their tail like a rudder to land safely. Biswamoyopterus biswasi (Namdapha Flying Squirrel) is a species of rodents in the family squirrels. The critically endangered Namdapha flying squirrel is found only at the Namdapha National Park. This species is arboreal in nature and the canopy is their highway, if there are large gaps and forests are fragmented, they cannot reach the other end of the forest. TERMS OF USE While we know all species of flying squirrels are active at night, it wasn't … Before gliding, they analyse wind speed and direction. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel is found in Arunachal Pradesh. The first species in the genus, the Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi), was described in 1981 and hasn’t been seen since. Scientists have discovered a new species of giant flying squirrel in China belonging to one of the world’s rarest and most mysterious genera. Although they are common, I had rarely ventured out at night to explore the world of these amazing lesser-known animals. The crown of the Namdapha Flying Squirrel is pale gray and its patagium is orange. It is listed as critically endangered by IUCN. It was the sole member in the genus ''Biswamoyopterus'' until the description of the Laotian giant flying squirrel … It is loud and can be heard up to several hundred meters away depending on the wind. Narcondam Hornbill. Though they weigh about 1.5 kg and are about one metre in length (including the tail), they are considered small mammals, falling under the group Rodentia. This includes 43 species of mammals like the critically endangered Pygmy Hog, the Namdapha flying squirrel and the endangered Snow leopard, … Video conferencing best practices: Tips to make meeting online even better It was the sole member in the genus Biswamoyopterus until the description of the Laotian giant flying squirrel in 2013. Flying squirrel, (tribe Pteromyini), any of more than 50 species of gliding squirrels. Spanning over an area of 1985 sq.km., with 177 sq.km. South and Southeast Asia are hotspots for gliding squirrel diversity, but these species are understudied. Based on the season, their diet switches between leaves and fruits; they also feed on bark, sap, and flowers. Cover: A red giant gliding squirrel in Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh. Above: Destruction of their habitat due to logging, agriculture, dam construction, infrastructure development, and urbanisation poses a major threat to the survival of these gliding wonders of the night. Found only in Narcondam Island, east of Andaman Islands. Habitat: Tropical forest. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Search for Lost Species > Most Wanted > Namdapha Flying Squirrel. (or) W.L.S. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) was first collected in the park and described. is one of India's most prolific wildlife and conservation photographers. His work has been featured in leading publications. The red giant flying squirrel or common giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista) is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae (squirrels). I was amazed by the lush green forests, the blue skies and crystal-clear waters and was welcomed by hornbills, trogons and other bird species commonly heard only in the hill states of Northeast India. In Namdapha National Park, they occupy lower elevation tropical forests up to 1,500 m. Their home range is small, and may extend up to few hectares. Anaimalai flying frog also known as false Malabar gliding frog is endemic to the Anaimalai Hills of Tamil Nadu and threatened by habitat loss. The Ruddy Mongoose (pictures given below) is found in Peninsular India … 1756 114th AVE SE Till 2012, the Miao Museum of Namdapha National Park displayed a specimen of the Namdapha Flying Squirrel. And in winter, the sun sets early, by 4.30–5 pm. This may be because gliding squirrels are nocturnal and dwell high up in the canopy, which in these regions could go up to 30-40 m. Species like Kashmir gliding squirrel however, reside in the rocky cliffs of the western Himalayas. Please check your email for further instructions. Namdapha National Park is a dream destination for birdwatchers from India and abroad. Keep a pulse on the latest lost species news, expedition updates and more. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi), the sole species placed in the genus Biswamoyopterus, is an arboreal, nocturnal flying squirrel endemic to India, and is listed as a critically endangered species due to habitat loss. Oct. 17, 2020. Namdapha Flying Squirrel, Arunachal Pradesh. The Namdapha National Park in Arunachal Pradesh is the third-largest national park in the world. They are listed as “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List. The area in which the new species was found is within the 777-mile-long region between where the Namdapha squirrel was first observed in 1981 in India, and where a … The Namdapha flying squirrel is an arboreal, nocturnal flying squirrel endemic to India. The Indian giant squirrel is the world's largest known squirrel. That was the first time I saw a red giant gliding squirrel (Petaurista petaurista). How to make a video presentation with Prezi in 6 steps; Oct. 14, 2020. The Namdapha flying squirrel, (Biswamoyopterus biswasi), is an arboreal, nocturnal flying squirrel endemic to India. They usually glide short distances of about 10 m. Their moderate distant glides are 20-30 m and long distant glides up to 90-110 m. Though considered folivorous (leaf-eating), I noticed they prefer fruit pulp whenever available. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel qualifies as the rarest mammal in the world! An interesting incident occurred one night when I decided to explore the nightlife of these vast jungles with my co-researcher. It is endemic to the park and critically endangered.It was last recorded in 1981 in a single valley within the park. Studying their nesting ecology is extremely difficult in the dense forest. If the light is not absorbed upon reflection it is reflected back out of the eye. The question that came to mind was, how do they see in such darkness? 2nd Floor, Sector 67,SAS Nagar However, they sometimes make leaf nests. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel is only known with certainty from a single individual collected in Namdapha National Park, the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, at altitudes of between 100 and 350 meters above sea level. This is the reason why the eyes of nocturnal mammals appear to “glow” at night. It was not clear to me which animal it was due to poor lighting and the distance from us. “But it was actually the Red Giant Flying Squirrel — which is commonly mistaken to be the Namdapha Flying Squirrel,” says Dr Murali. It grows to 36 inches (1 meter) long and weighs up to 4 pounds (1.8 kilograms).Grey squirrels, commonly found in North America, are medium-size squi… This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Top: Usually solitary, this squirrel is most active between sunset and midnight. The unique behaviour of the giant squirrels is their ability to glide. Read More. Though this species is widely distributed, it faces enormous threats in its range. works as an Assistant Professor at Amity Institute of Forestry & Wildlife, Amity University, Noida and is a Fellow of Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Fortunately, I was able to locate few active nests in Namdapha where the young ones kept peeping out of the nest at night. Please check your entries and try again. Join us in saving wildlife and protecting biodiversity around the world! Categories PRELIMS BOOSTERS 2018 Tags International Civil Aviation Organization, Namdapha Flying Squirrel Post navigation. The arboreal red giant gliding squirrel is among the largest of flying squirrels found in southeast Asia. The smallest squirrel is the African pygmy squirrel. Bellevue, WA 98004. The juvenile did not move much except to step in and out of the hollow briefly. Scientists believe this lost species occurs in dry deciduous montane forests along streams, and may be restricted to the area of a single valley within the Namdapha National Park. He is also a RoundGlass Ambassador, and an RBS Earth Hero awardee. The first species in the group, the Namdapha flying squirrel, was described in 1981 and is known from only a single specimen collected in India's Namdapha National Park. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Top: The squirrel primarily feeds on leaves and may also supplement its diet with tree bark, sap, fruits and flowers. It is found in the Indo-Malayan Realm. Sighting the gliding squirrel that night inspired me to research them further. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. It is like having an additional reflective lens which helps more light to enter. Additionally, these squirrels are killed for bushmeat. The research team has the necessary experience and field skills to provide the effort to rediscovery this lost species. The core colour of both the animals are the same but the key distinguishing factor, he points out, is that the Namdapha Flying Squirrel has a white-coloured ear tuft, which is absent in the Red Giant Flying Squirrel. Text by: Murali Krishna Chatakonda Photos by: Dhritiman Mukherjee. Also, a special reflective membrane called tapetum lucidum lies at the back of the eye which reflects light that has passed through the retina. Namdapha Flying Squirrel - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Something went wrong. Support new lost species expeditions and conservation efforts for the species that have been rediscovered to ensure they don't fall of the map again. The majestic lowland tropical forests of Namdapha National Park, at altitudes of up to 1,500 m, are the habitat of red giant gliding squirrels. In the tiny 6.82 … The animal was busy feeding on the fruits of the Cadamba or kadam tree (Anthocephalus kadamba). This is an arboreal species that is likely most active at dusk. in Arunachal Pradesh. in Namdapha, Tirap District, Arunachal Pradesh, a proposed Biosphere Reserve area, during March-May 1981, a team headed by Dr. Shyamrup Biswas, Zoologist of the Zoological Survey of India, collected a unique flying squirrel. Threats: Hunted for food. Three species are North American, two live in northern Eurasia, and all others are found in the temperate and tropical forests of India and other parts of Asia.Although these rodents do not fly, glides of up to 450 metres (almost 1,500 feet) have been recorded for Giant flying squirrels (Petaurista). RoundGlass Sustain is a media-rich resource on India’s natural world. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Linear infrastructure development is another threat, and individuals get killed by speeding vehicles and high-tension wires. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The Namdapha flying squirrel is known to inhabit jungles and hill slopes in the north-eastern part of India. The sun rises early in Arunachal as compared to the rest of the country. These squirrels emerge from their roosting sites, usually tree hollows, and self-groom before gliding to the nearest feeding tree. It is found in a wide variety of forest–types, plantations and more open habitats with scattered trees in Southeast Asia, ranging north to … Red gliding squirrels usually mate once or twice in a year and produce a litter of one or two babies called kittens. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi), the sole species placed in the genus Biswamoyopterus, is an arboreal, nocturnal flying squirrel endemic to India, and is listed as a critically endangered species due to habitat loss. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This article is only an excerpt. Cover: A red giant gliding squirrel in Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel is only known with certainty from a single individual collected in Namdapha National Park, the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, at altitudes of between 100 and 350 meters above sea level. Above the Namdapha Flying Squirrel is a white red and grizzled fur. Receive email updates about lost species and other GWC conservation programs. They are usually solitary, though they are sometimes seen in pairs or small groups (up to 8-10 individuals). The Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) is an arboreal, nocturnal flying squirrel endemic to northeastern India, where it is known from a single … The species that belong to genus Biswamoyopterus, comprised two large (1.4-1.8 kg) species endemic to southern Asia: the Namdapha flying squirrel (India) and the Laotian giant flying squirrel … Although researchers have surveyed the surrounding area for the flying squirrel, there have not been any verified sightings of the species. Habitat/distribution: Found only in Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel is only known with certainty from a single individual collected in Namdapha National Park, the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, at altitudes of between 100 and 350 meters above sea level. Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh. It includes Nepal, southern China, Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. © 2020 Global Wildlife Conservation. The answer is that they are equipped with large eyes and large pupils that can open wide in low light. And Namdapha Flying Squirrel is found only in Namdapha National Park in Arunachal Pradesh. Thanks for subscribing! It grows to 2.8 to 5 inches (7 to 13 centimeters) in length and weighs just 0.35 ounces (10 grams). We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The squirrel’s call is like a monotonous repeated wail. I was in Namdapha National Park to study gibbons. 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