Most of the mango crops can be found in the southern regions, where temperatures are warmer. Major importers of mangoes from China include Russia, Japan, and South Korea. 4. 49. Thailand is the third largest mango producer in the world, with 3.4 million tonnes produced in 2016. It is also grown in Mardan, Peshawar and D I Khan. 3- Thailand . 4- Pakistan . Section 4 presents the main findings of our survey and finally section 5 makes concluding remarks. At present it is grown on an area of 170.1000 thousand hectares with production 1727.9000 thousand tones (Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan 2008-09). The area under mango crop has increased but the rise in production is comparatively slow. Pakistan come as the 4th country with high mango production in the world as it produce 1784,300 tons of mango every year which accounts for 4,6 percent of the world’s total production of mango , Pakistan produce large variety of mangoes that are monoembryonic with seeds that differ from one to the other . Pakistan is another one of the top mango producing countries with an average annual production of about 1,784,300 tons accounting for 4.6% of the world’s total mango production, although the production has significantly increased in 2016. Cost of production and returns in growing mango orchard are estimated in different ways compared to annual crops. Thailand has about 753,671 acres dedicated to mango production. Figure 1: Production of Mango in different provinces of Pakistan (1994-2015) Pakistan grows citrus fruit over an area of 206,569 hectares in all the four provinces with total production of around 2.5 million tons as per 2015-16 statistics. The all-India average yield of mangoes in traditional plantations is 2.5-3 tonnes per acre per year. Top: Pruning is the judicious removal of unwanted plant parts, dried / diseased wood for establishment of ideal plant structure, improved tree health and also to maximize the fruiting wood to enhance fruit yield … Scope for Mango Cultivation and its National Importance Mango occupies about 36% of the total area under fruits (2010-11) comprising of 22.97 lakh hectares, with a total production of 151.88 lakh tonnes. On average, mango production in Pakistan stands at around 1.75 million tons per year. • If managed well starts commercial production after 2-3 year of transplanting. Mango (Mangifera indica L Family Anacardiaceae) is the second largest fruit crop of Pakistan. An increasing trend has been observed in world mango production averaging 22 million metric tonnes per year. Pakistan. The next section describes the mango production, acreage and markets in Pakistan. In Sindh the mango growing areas are Mirpur Khas, Hyderabad and Thatta districts. Worldwide production is mostly concentrated in Asia, accounting for 75% followed by South and Northern America with about 10% share. A sample of 20 mango growing farmers was taken purposively from various villages of Multan district. Insects • Fruit fly. 2 Mango in Pakistan. Mango Production Areas in Pakistan Mangoes are widely grown in Punjab and Sindh provinces . Section 3 documents the sampling method adopted for this survey. Planting system • Square system • P×P distance =7m , R×R distance= 7m • Number of plants per acre • Guava trees are also raised as fillers in mango orchards. Average number of plants in one acre = 73 Why and when pruning is necessary in mango orchards? 2. The present study has been designed to investigate cost of production, and returns per acre over the life time of mango trees. Thailand. These are some of the most popular areas for mango farming in Pakistan. 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