Here in America and in most of Canada, we have funeral traditions that have stood the test of time for decades, even centuries. Evil spirits however would be forced to live in the underworld in a desolate and cold eternity. Mummies were considered to be the act… They believed this reinforced the Inca control over the provinces they’d taken over. by Jenny Goldade | Feb 16, 2018 | Cultural Spotlight, For Families. Not only do they bring those who are grieving... Sign up for our newsletter and get tips, trends, news, and more sent directly to your inbox! Wicca Spirituality has a certain philosophy, which inspires Wiccans to have certain perspectives on death. They believed that by eating a person you would be able to inherit their power, skills and accomplishments. Many were chosen from the conquered provinces as part of regular taxation; “blood money” was … Required fields are marked *. The Incans had … Like many ancient Andean people before them, the Incas viewed death in two ways. The Incas believed that in the afterlife, a member of the Incan royalty returned to a happy life with the sun, even if he had not been a moral man on earth. As children, many of us are told that in order to get into Heaven, we must be good – and that if we’re not, we could end up in Hell. The Supay was commonly known by the Inca and Aymara civilizations as the God of Death but also the powerful ruler of the Incan Underworld Ukhu Pacha. Funerals were very sacred events for the Incas. These places were sometimes modified to accentuate unusual features and were treated as shrines with special power to influence reality. The other was social death, when certain privileged individuals remained active in the minds, souls, and daily lives of the living until they were forgotten or replaced by other prominent figures. Inca Beliefs: According to the Incas the sun was god and he was the father of their people. They lived in heaven and on earth and each of them had a purpose which determined its hierarchy. Scholarly research demonstrates that Incan belief systems were integrated with their view of the cosmos, especially in regard to the way that the Inca observed the motions of the Milky Way and the solar system as seen from Cuzco, the Inca capital whose name meant the centre of the earth. The desert-like climate in some areas of South America helped with this process. Death was a passage to the next world that was full of difficulties. A common man could share in this same afterlife of warmth and content if he led a virtuous earthly life. The Incas' polytheistic religion was replaced by Christianity and much of the local population was reduced to serfdom [citation needed] under the Spanish elite. The cities of the Inca Empire were transformed into Spanish Catholic cities. What Was Inca Religion & How Did It Influence People’s Daily Lives? Your email address will not be published. The Incas were entangled in the vines of the afterlife. Earlier Inca used salt and removed bodily fluids before burial. They mummified and preserved the bodies, so they could remove them for significant events, such as marriage ceremonies. Pre-conquest Incas mummified important rulers and ancestors and kept them around -- either in their residences or in caves believed to be passageways between worlds. This was mostly done with Inca rulers. Religion was tied into the Inca’s lifestyle and government. Basic beliefs. The Incas also believed in reincarnation. They believed that people were sent to live in heaven or hell after their death. In additions to worshipping the deities, the Inca worshipped the numerous huacas 'sacred places ' which were everywhere throughout the Inca Empire. The mummies of Inca rulers even had servants and still owned their property from when they were alive. Biological death was when the body was buried or mummified. 2016 Mar 08 – THE SHAMAN’S VIEW OF DEATH. Cultural Travel Death Incas … Incas believed that natural phenomena were caused by gods so it was important to keep them happy or disasters could happen. The Inca also incorporated the Moon into their religious myths and practices in the form of Mama Killa. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They either mummified or buried the dead. – THE SHAMAN’S VIEW OF DEATH. Divinity. The spirit of the dead, camaquen, would need to follow a long dark road. But our... Funeral roses are some of the most common flowers to give and receive when a loved one dies. They also buried them with valuable items such as fine jewelry and pottery. This European concept of eternal reward (or punishment) does not exist in indigenous cultures. Biological death was when the body was buried or mummified. They also used alcohol to preserve and treat the bodies. The ancient Incas were fascinated by the concept of death and the afterlife. Important people like Emperors and Priests were buried in above ground chambers, while commoners were buried in pits, caves and other types of graves. After death it was believed that the two souls which inhabited each person would take different routes. The Incas worshipped many different gods, which they associated with natural forces. See why thousands of funeral homes choose Frazer-powered websites! They did desiccation, also known as extreme drying, or freeze-drying. The Inca race is one which is shrouded in mystery since their existence was very much thriving in the 13 th Century but by the 15 th Century they had all but gone out like a flame.. Until his death around 1528, Huayna Cápac had been the 11th supreme ruler, the Sapa Inca, of the Inca Empire, a civilisation described by historian Jago Cooper as “the greatest pre-Colombian empire in the Americas – a land of desert temples, of palaces … It was believed that by consuming a person you would inherit their power, accomplishments and skills of the dead person. One of the many focal points for their religious rituals were sacred buildings, or temples, dedicated to their gods. 2016 Mar 08. They also wrapped them with food, tools, and other items. The mummies were put in the fetal position and wrapped in layers of cloth. Sign up for our weekly newsletter for tips, trends, news, and more! He was said to hold dominion over a race of demons and to be effectively the Devil of the Incan and Aymara set of beliefs. The most important Inca people were mummified and these ancestors were worshipped. Cannibalism is the act of a human eating another humans flesh. They believed that people were sent to live in heaven or hell after their death. That place was on the shores of Lake Titicaca, high in the mountains of … Then they put them in mountaintop shrines or other sacred locations. Sacred Places. The Inca practice of sacrifice and burial on remote high mountaintops was also a special form of sacrifice. Inca god Viracocha (artist Unknown) The lack of writing has given birth to a great deal of speculation regarding their religion and spiritual practices. They were obsessed with sacrificing living beings in order to make the gods happy or appease the gods. The people who obeyed the Inca rule of ‘ama sua, ama lulla, ama chella’ (do not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy) were sent to live in the Sun’s warmth. They believed in the theory that the great sun made one man and one woman and sent them to a special place on Earth. Upon reaching the Pacarina, the mummies would be able to mingle with the ancient ancestors that were also buried there. The trip required the assistance of a black dog that was able to see in the dark. Many people also left gifts for them. They believed that the dead who had lead virtuous lives would join the sun in heaven where they could participate in the lives of their descendents. The people who obeyed the Inca rule of ‘ama sua, ama lulla, ama chella’ (do not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy) were sent to live in … Then they put them in cave burial chambers that could be reopened to either add more mummies or take them out for a special event. Aztec Perspective on Life, Death, and the Afterlife. In Inca religion, human and animal sacrifice was saved for very special occasions such as the death of a king or times of famine, when it was common to sacrifice the most beautiful children and adolescents to the gods. The Moche culture, which is closely tied to the Incas, practiced ritual combat, a special form of sacrificial death. The emperor's palace, with all his goods, was sealed after his death and became a huaca. The ancient Inca had their own way of embalming their dead to preserve their bodies. In Inca culture the act of cannibalism was always ritualistic. Supay - Supay was the god of death and ruler of the Inca underworld called the Uca Pacha. The ancient Inca believed in biological death and social death. Or sometimes they never forgot about them. Cannibalism This is the act of a human eating another humans flesh and Inca religion this was always ritualistic as it related to sacrifice, warfare, death and regeneration. The Incan mourning color was black, which, coincidentally, is also the mourning color of Christianity. Those who did not live by this rule spent their afterlife in the cold, dark earth. This was mostly done with Inca rulers. Other parts of the series are about ancient Aztec funeral traditions and ancient Mayan funeral traditions, among others. While social death was when the deceased remained in the minds, souls, and lives of the living. After the death of the emperor, the priests would come to their resting place and talk to the dead ruler. Religion touched almost every aspect of Inca life. The belief that the Inca emperor was still socially alive, and retained his or her possessions, also encouraged the empire’s spread across the Andes. They freeze-dried and mummified them. The Incas believed that gods, spirits, and long-dead ancestors could be manifested on earth in the form of natural features such as mountain peaks (apu), rivers, springs, caves, rocky outcrops, and even peculiar shaped stones. They did this until they either forgot about them or another ruler took over. The mummies were used in many rituals and celebrations and were buried in a sitting position. While social death was when the deceased remained in the minds, souls, and lives of the living. The religion of the Inca was … These worshipping events were intercepted by the Spaniards under Juan Polo de Ondegardo y Zárate, who was newly appointed as the Chief Magistrate of Cuzco in 1559, when it was under Spanish control. Here in America and in most of Canada, we have funeral traditions that have stood the test of time for decades, even centuries. They put the mummies of Inca rulers in sacred locations and worshiped them. The ancient Inca believed in biological death and social death. They also consulted them for advice and offered them food as if they were still living. Their main deity, however, was the sun god, Inti. The earliest date that can be confidently assigned to Inca dynastic history is 1438, when Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, a son of Viracocha Inca, usurped the throne from his brother Inca Urcon.Under Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (1438–71) the Inca conquered territory south to the Titicaca Basin and north to present-day Quito, making subject peoples of the powerful Chanca, the Quechua, and the Chimú. Food and other offerings were taken to the resting place by the family of the deceased. One was biological death, when the body ceased functionally and was cremated, buried, or mummified. The mystery of death is certainly not going to be solved by any one article, or even any one religion. Both Incas and Aztecs believed in an afterlife and developed specific practices to honor their dead. ... Funerals and Death When an Incan passed away the family mummified their body, buried them in a tomb and then held a funeral for eight days. The 2 forms of cannibalism were exocannibalism and endocannibalism. The mummies, easily preserved in the dry Andean climate, participated in celebratory processions, were petitioned to intercede with the weather gods, and received regular offerings of food and drink. Cultural Spotlight: Luhya People of Kenya Funeral Traditions, How to Preserve Your Funeral Roses and Make Meaningful Mementos, Cultural Spotlight: Rwandan Funeral Traditions. The Incas mummified their deceased and the mummies would be presented with objects which were to be taken along with them to their final resting place which was known as the Pacarina. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Basic beliefs. It is believed that the priests had the ability to communicate with the souls of the dead rulers, who were in another dimension (another World, you might call it heaven). It tied to sacrifice, warfare, death and regeneration. The Inca believed in reincarnation. 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